In the previous short article about installing Nextcloud I did not provide much details, apart from port configuration (that might even be needed depending on other factors). The setup I chose just worked. However, I too found the basic SQLite database performance a little bit lacking and decided to use a PostgreSQL database instead, as a fresh install.

For a PostgreSQL under docker-compose I've used the same steps described in my guide for installing Mastodon with docker-compose. It works there, I do not understand the drawbacks yet, so why come up with something wildly different? Here's a condensed list of steps, explanations are in the above link.

Step 1. Download a repository

cd /home/user
git clone
mv docker-onlyoffice-nextcloud nextcloud
cd nextcloud

The name of a directory would matter later, I prefer just a short nextcloud.

Step 2. Prepare a database container

sudo docker pull postgres:12.5-alpine

sudo docker run --name postgres12 \
  -v /YOUR/NEXTCLOUD/LOCATION/postgres:/var/lib/postgresql/data \
  -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=password --rm -d postgres:12.5-alpine

sudo docker exec -it postgres12 psql -U postgres
> exit

sudo docker stop postgres12

Please choose a different password in the two commands above and adjust the location to the one where docker-compose.yml is located.

Step 3. First start

Edit the docker-compose.yml and add the database section near the top:

  restart: always
  image: postgres:12.5-alpine
  shm_size: 256mb
    test: ["CMD", "pg_isready", "-U", "postgres"]
    - ./postgres:/var/lib/postgresql/data

The volume path above has to be the same as the one in the docker run above, although a relative one like here serves well. Also, make the app service depend on the db service:

  # contaner_name: app-server
  # ...
    - db

With the docker-compose.yml ready, start the script:

sudo docker-compose up -d

Step 4. Setup a reverse proxy

Set up a reverse proxy, however you see fit. Again, inspirations can be found in the posts under tags Nginx and especially The important bit is the exposed HTTP port 80, a line 37 in the source code example. This is what I was surprised about in the post Reverse proxy behind a reverse proxy. Here a port 8081 is where the Nextcloud is listening.

Step 5. Choose a PostgreSQL database

Access the site, fill in the admin username and password. Do not change the Data folder path. Then choose a PostgreSQL database and fill the following:

A Nextcloud first login interface with the option to choose a database t obe used.

Here, the same input data in the table, in case the picture is unreadable:

Database namenextcloud
Host namenextcloud_db_1

Then click "Finish" at the bottom.

Step 6. Configure OnlyOffice

The last step is to setup the OnlyOffice, which to me already proved to be a very useful tool overall. Run the script from the repository:


Now setup the reverse proxy and access the web interface.


I was able to upgrade the stack by simply doing the following:

docker-compose pull

And then restart the composition:

docker-compose down && docker-compose up -d